By Jane Dailey

ISBN-10: 0807825875

ISBN-13: 9780807825877

ISBN-10: 0807849014

ISBN-13: 9780807849019

Lengthy sooner than the Montgomery bus boycott ushered within the smooth civil rights flow, black and white southerners struggled to forge interracial democracy in the US. This cutting edge publication examines the main winning interracial coalition within the nineteenth-century South, Virginia's Readjuster celebration, and uncovers a shocking measure of fluidity in postemancipation southern politics.Melding social, cultural, and political heritage, Jane Dailey chronicles the Readjusters' efforts to foster political cooperation around the colour line. She demonstrates that the facility of racial rhetoric, and the divisiveness of racial politics, derived from the typical reports of person Virginians—from their neighborhood encounters at the sidewalk, earlier than the magistrate's bench, within the schoolroom. within the strategy, she finds the ability of black and white southerners to either create and withstand new structures of racial discrimination. the tale of the Readjusters indicates how demanding white southerners needed to paintings to set up racial domination after emancipation, and the way passionately black southerners fought every infringement in their rights as americans.

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Extra resources for Before Jim Crow: The Politics of Race in Postemancipation Virginia (Gender and American Culture)

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71 Of necessity, the legislature turned its attention to taxation. Here, too, there was little room to maneuver. Before the Civil War, Virginians paid taxes on slaves and land, as well as for the right to vote. Like the other states of the former Confederacy, Virginia sharply increased land taxes during Reconstruction to make up for revenue lost owing to emancipation. By 1870 the property tax accounted for a staggering 77 percent of all state revenue, compared with 48 percent in 1860. As this statistic indicates, the postwar tax system rested squarely on the shoulders of landowners.

By the mid-1870s even origins of the readjuster movement 33 Map 2. Readjuster Majorities in Virginia Counties, 1879–83 Map 3. White Population of Virginia Counties, 1880 the Republicans paid little attention to the political opinions of black Virginians. This situation was in part the result of steps taken in the late 1860s. 97 For a variety of reasons—including both ideological conviction and personal ambition on the part of leading individuals—the Radicals consistently refused to compromise with moderate Republicans and make common cause against the Conservatives.

Radical Republicans predominated among the delegates elected in the origins of the readjuster movement 19 fall of 1867 to the constitutional convention called to bring Virginia’s laws into accordance with the federal Constitution prior to the state’s readmission to the Union. Three-quarters of the convention members were Radical Republicans. 26 Nevertheless, the black delegates participated spiritedly in discussion and used their votes when words failed them. 27 Despite the obstructions of the minority Conservatives, and against the best efforts of the decidedly non-Radical military commander of Virginia, General John M.

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Before Jim Crow: The Politics of Race in Postemancipation Virginia (Gender and American Culture) by Jane Dailey

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